Diet and Medication Therapy for Seniors with Diverticulosis
In uncomplicated diverticulosis, diet is an important component of treatment. Doctors recommend that you stick to a diet which involves eating foods rich in fiber.
Important: Asymptomatic dietary therapy can prevent the occurrence of complications, and stop the progression of the disease.
The daily caloric intake should not exceed 2500 kcal, while the rate of dietary fiber should be 30 g. The composition of plant fiber includes lignin, alginates, cellulose, pectin, hemicellulose, indigestible polysaccharides. These compounds are able to bind water, which is located in the intestinal lumen. This allows you to remove toxic substances and feces from the body.
Nutritionists recommend that patients with diverticulosis should enrich their diet with bran, which should be introduced gradually over a period of 2-4 weeks. Pour it into 250 ml of boiling water, and leave for 30 minutes before intake. Brewed bran can be added to soup, porridge, vegetable dishes, and dairy products.
As a source of fiber, you can use drugs on the basis of the seed of the plantain (Ispagol, Psyllium, Mukofalk). They help eliminate pain and flatulence. Dietary fibers included in the preparations have an anti-inflammatory effect, they effectively reduce the pressure inside the intestine, activate the reproduction of the intestinal microflora, and increase the intensity of mucus production.
The diet of patients with diverticulosis should consist of the following products and dishes:
Fermented milk products;
Baked or steamed vegetables, if the patient is well tolerated;
Soup on meat broth;
Casseroles from vegetables;
Baked and raw fruits;
Crumbly buckwheat, oatmeal or wheat cereal;
Bread with bran.
In the absence of contraindications, you should drink 2-2.5 liters of fluid during the day.
Dietary nutrition involves the exclusion of the following products that can reduce intestinal motility:
Rice and semolina;
In uncomplicated diverticulosis, drugs of the following groups are widely used in outpatient treatment:
Antibiotics like penicillin, macrolides, and cephalosporins.
Probiotics (Linex, Bifiform, Bifidum) to restore the biocenosis in the intestine;
Aminosalicylic acid based products;
Enzyme preparations (Creon, Pangrol, Mezim) for the normalization of the processes of digestion;
Intestinal motility stimulants (Motilium, Metoproklamid);
Antispasmodics (Drotaverine, Spazmolgon, Paraverin, Spazmonet);
Laxatives(Lactulose Poly, Duphalac, Romfalak, Goodluck).
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